The difference between mono and stereo is in the number of channels used by the speakers. Mono tracks send the same signal to all speakers. However, stereo tracks send a signal to the left speaker and a slightly different signal to the right speaker. What I've found works best for me is panning channel “A” approximately 75% to the left, and channel “B” approximately 75% to the right, and then make adjustments from there.
If you record in mono, that means you use one microphone at a time on a channel. When you play a stereo recording, you can hear the pan settings because you have both left and right ears. Mono recording is perfect for vocals and can work on other instruments. Stereo recording works well on acoustic guitar and even on drums.
As the name suggests, mono is single-channel audio, while stereo is a two-channel audio system. In a mono recording, we capture a single source of sound with a single microphone. In a stereo recording, we capture a single sound source or several sound sources with two microphones. A vocal recording is an excellent example of a mono sound source.
The difference between monophonic (mono) and stereophonic (stereo) sound is the number of channels used to record and play audio. Mono signals are recorded and reproduced using a single audio channel, while stereo sounds are recorded and reproduced using two audio channels. As a listener, the most notable difference is that stereo sounds are capable of producing width perception, while mono sounds are not. Mono signals are recorded with a single microphone and then printed on an audio track with one channel.
The mono recording is still played on a pair of stereo speakers. The information is the same on both sides and the sound seems to be in front of us. This is because the same signal comes through both speakers simultaneously. Understanding the difference between mono and stereo can help you create mixes with more depth and space.
For the beginning home recorder, I would recommend recording in mono and then adding effects to your DAW. Stereo audio recording offers a three-dimensional quality that makes your music come alive and sound more realistic. You record a singer in mono because you have nothing to record that makes the difference between the left and right channels. With stereo audio, the signal will have different qualities distributed at different points in the mix.
Most listeners are going to be in their car or listening on stereo systems where they aren't really in the sweet spot. We explain the differences between mono and stereo audio and discuss which type is best for recording and playing back. However, stereo tracks send one channel to the left speaker and a slightly different channel to the right speaker. Most of the time, a stereo recording has a panoramic microphone to the left and another to the right.
Ultimately, it's best to use stereo audio if you want to record with lots of acoustic elements, such as a live music performance or reverberating instruments such as a violin or guitar. Stereo audio has two audio signals designed for two separate audio channels, creating a perception of space. So I hope you now understand that to record in mono you use one microphone and to record in stereo you need several.