When it comes to audio recording, there are two main formats: monophonic (mono) and stereophonic (stereo). Mono audio is recorded and reproduced using a single audio channel, while stereo sounds are recorded and reproduced using two audio channels. While stereo sound is generally considered superior to mono sound, there are still some cases where mono is the better choice. Stereo sound is the preferred format for most listeners because it creates a richer and more detailed listening experience.
It sends two different channels, one for each speaker, which produces a wider, more detailed and realistic sound. Mono audio, on the other hand, tends to sound flat, narrow and less dynamic because all audio elements are grouped together on the same channel and played at the same volume. It usually sounds as if it came from a single point on a 2D plane, usually the front or the center. Mono is better if the original recording was in mono, or if it's a single-instrument or single-voice recording.
It's also important to note that some listeners will be using smartphones or other mono playback systems. Mono is also easier and more affordable to record because minimal equipment is needed and requires no advanced technical knowledge. However, stereo audio offers more immersive listening and is simply more appealing to the ears. It can also sound louder because of the extra width that appears in stereo signals and disappears in mono signals.
Additionally, stereo microphones use the X-Y technique which tends to produce a moderately wide stereo image that is also compatible with mono. In conclusion, stereo sound is superior to mono sound in almost all cases. Unless some other superior form of sound recording is just around the corner, stereo is definitely here to stay. However, there are still some cases where mono is the better choice, such as when the original recording was in mono or when it's a single-instrument or single-voice recording.